Main publications


Korkea-aho, E. (2023 [forthcoming]). EU agencies and lobbying transparency rules: A case study on the islandization of transparency. In Leino-Sandberg, P. Hillebrandt, M. Z. & Koivisto, I. (eds.), (In)visible European Government: Critical Approaches to Transparency as an Ideal and a Practice. Routledge, UACES Contemporary European Studies .

Korkea-aho, E. (2023). No longer marginal? Finding a place for lobbying and lobbyists in EU law research. European Constitutional Law Review (Early view, open access).

Korkea-aho, E. (2023 [forthcoming]). The End of An Era for Foreign Lobbying? The Emergence of Foreign Transparency Laws in Washington, Canberra and Brussels. Journal of Common Market Studies.


Eliantonio, M. and Korkea-aho, E. (2022). Soft Law. In Smits, J., Husa, J., and Valcke, C. (eds.), Elgar Encyclopaedia of Comparative Law (Accepted/in press).

Korkea-aho, E. (2023). Are Lawyer Lobbyists Answerable to ‘a Higher Authority’? Bar Association Rules as Lobbying Regulation in the EU and the US. Interest Groups & Advocacy (Early view, open access).

Korkea-aho, E. (2022). A right to lobby? Comparing constitutional discourses in the EU and the US. 28(1) Columbia Journal of European Law, 1-30.

Korkea-aho, E. (2022). European Commission: Tasks, Functions and Powers. In Oxford Encyclopedia of EU Law. Oxford University Press (Online).

Korkea-aho, E. (2022). NGOs as Lobbyists. A Casualty of Environmental Law’s Tunnel Vision? Journal of Environmental Law 34(1), 233-243 (Open access).

Korkea-aho, E. (2022). Rock ’n’ Roll Stars or Guitar Technicians? Legal Advisors in NGO Political Advocacy Work. In Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (eds). Law, Legal Expertise and EU Policy-Making. Cambridge University Press, 218-245.

Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2022). Afterword. The Four Questions and One Answer. In Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (eds). Law, Legal Expertise and EU Policy-Making. Cambridge University Press, 292-304.

Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2022). Introduction. In Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (eds). Law, Legal Expertise and EU Policy-Making. Cambridge University Press, 1-10.


Eliantonio, M., Korkea-aho, E. & Stefan, O. (2021). Introduction. In Eliantonio, M., Korkea-aho, E. & Stefan, O. (eds). EU Soft Law in the Member States: Theoretical Findings and Empirical Evidence. Hart Publishing, 1–18.

Eliantonio, M., Korkea-aho, E. & Vaughan, S. (eds) (2021). EJRR Special Issue Editorial: COVID-19 and Soft Law: Is Soft Law Pandemic-Proof? 12(1) European Journal of Risk Regulation, 1–6 (Open access).

Hartlapp, M. & Korkea-aho, E. (2021). ‘Whatever-Law’ and Teenage Member States? The National Reception of EU Soft Law and How to Study it. In Eliantonio, M., Korkea-aho, E. & Stefan, O. (eds.). EU Soft Law in the Member States: Theoretical Findings and Empirical Evidence. Hart Publishing, 57–76.

Korkea-aho, E. (2021). Legal Lobbying: The Evolving (But Hidden) Role of Lawyers and Law Firms in the EU Public Affairs Market. 22(1) German Law Journal, 65–84 (Open access).

Korkea-aho, E. (2021). Sunday dinners and hot baths in a ‘wild wild North’? The Nordic discussions on lobbying regulation and implications for the EU transparency agenda. 27(2) European Public Law, 355–382.

Korkea-aho, E., Havu, K., Leino-Sandberg, P. & Tarkkila, L. (2021). The Finnish Soft Law Puzzle How Can a Rule-Bound Parliamentary Democracy Be Reconciled with EU Soft Law? In Eliantonio, M., Korkea-aho, E. & Stefan, O. (eds.). EU Soft Law in the Member States: Theoretical Findings and Empirical Evidence. Hart Publishing, 119–134.

Korkea-aho, E. & Scheinin, M. (2021). ‘Could you, would you, should you?’ Regulating Cross-Border Travel Through COVID-19 Soft Law in Finland. 12(1) European Journal of Risk Regulation, 26–44.


Korkea-aho, E. (2019). Eurooppalainen demokratia tarvitsee lobbareita [European Democracy Needs Lobbyists]., 27.05.2019.

Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2019). Interviewing Lawyers. A reflection on interviews as a legal research method in European law. Network of Legal Empirical Scholars Special Issue 2019 European Journal of Legal Studies, 17–47. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2018). National Courts and European Soft Law: Is Grimaldi Still Good Law? Yearbook of European Law, 37, 470–495. 

Korkea-aho, E. & Tiensuu, P. (2018). Lobbarirekisterin kansainväliset mallit [Registers for Lobbyists: International Examples]. Prime Minister’s Office. Publications of the Government’s analysis, assessment and research activities 57/2018. 148 pages.


Korkea-aho, E. (2017). Evolution of the role of third countries in EU law – towards full legal subjectivity? In Bardutzky, S. & Fahey, E. (eds) Framing the Subjects and Objects of EU Law: Exploring a Research Platform. Edward Elgar Publishing. 

Korkea-aho, E. (2017). Tsaarinaikaista avoimuutta? Perustuslakiblogi: Suomen valtiosääntöoikeudellisen seuran ajankohtaispalsta, 22.09.2017. [Tsarists Openness?

Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2017). Juristi asiantuntijana – haastattelut eurooppaoikeudellisen tutkimuksen lähteenä. Lakimies 7-8, 1036–1053. [Lawyer as an Expert: Interviews as a source of EU law research]

Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2017). Is Glyphosate safe? We have the right to know. TARN blog, 15.12.2017. 

Korkea-aho, E. & Leino-Sandberg, P. (2017). Who owns the information held by EU agencies? Weed killers, commercially sensitive information and transparent and participatory governance. Common Market Law Review, 1059–1092. 

Korkea-aho, E. & Sankari, S. (2017). External participants v. internal interests: Principles of EU administrative law in anti-dumping investigations. European Papers (Carnets européens – Quaderni europei), 543–570. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2016). Effects of the EU Chemicals Regulation REACH in a Globalized Internal Market. FCD and FMB. Common Market Law Review, 53(3), 763–778. 

Korkea-aho, E. (2016). ‘Mr Smith Goes to Brussels’. Third Country Lobbying and the Making of European Law and Policy. Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, 18, 45–68. 

Korkea-aho, E. (2016). “Villi Pohjola” – Miksi Suomessa ei säännellä lobbausta? Teoksessa Sund- Norrgård, P., Norrgård, M. & Jusslin, S. (toim.) Ett kvartssekel med Justus. Neljännesvuosisata Justuksen kanssa. Festskrift Justus 25 år / Juhlakirja Justus 25 vuotta. Forum Iuris, Publikationer från juridiska fakulteten vid Helsingfors universitet, 171–187. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2015). Adjudicating New Governance: Deliberative democracy in the European Union. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. 256 pp. 

Korkea-aho, E. (2015). EU Lobbyists: Rulemakers ‘in the shadows’?. In Fahey, E. (ed.), The Actors of Postnational Rule-Making: Contemporary Challenges of European and International Law. Routledge, 207–230. 

Korkea-aho, E. (2015). Legal Interpretation of EU Framework Directives: A soft law approach. European Law Review, 40(1), 70–88. 


Juutilainen, T., & Korkea-aho, E. (2014). Professio ja legitimiteetti – mitä virkaa eurooppalaisella juristilla?. In Mäenpää, O. Frände, D. & Korpisaari, P. (eds), Oikeuden historiasta tulevaisuuden Eurooppaan: Pia Letto-Vanamo 60 vuotta. Helsinki: Suomalainen Lakimiesyhdistys, 89–103. [Profession and Legitimacy – What Role for a Lawyer in the European Union?

Korkea-aho, E. (2014). Watering Down the Court of Justice?: The dynamics between network implementation and Article 258 TFEU litigation. European Law Journal, 20(5), 649–666. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2013). Laws in Progress? Reconceptualizing Accountability Strategies in the Era of Framework Norms. Transnational Environmental Law, 2(2), 363–385. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2012). Better Judicial Review? EU Courts and the Smart Regulation Agenda in Implementing Chemicals Regulation. Legisprudence: international journal for the study of legislation, 6(3), 397–423. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2010). Eurooppalaiset virastot kolmannen pilarin alalla. Fragmentaatiota vai koherenssia?. In Nuotio, K. & Malkki, L. (eds), Vapauden, turvallisuuden ja oikeuden Eurooppa. Helsingin yliopiston oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta, 75–95. [EU Agencies in the Third Pillar: Fragmentation or Coherence?


Korkea-aho, E. (2009). EU Soft Law in Domestic Legal Systems: Flexibility and Diversity Guaranteed? Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 16(3), 271–290. 

Korkea-aho, E. (2009). Soft law direktiivien kansallisessa toimeenpanossa. In Lindfors, H. Korkea- aho, E. & Turunen, S. (eds), Kovia aikoja: Riitoja ja maksukyvyttömyyttä. Juhlakirja Risto Koulu 60 vuotta. Helsinki: Edita Comi, 229–249. [Soft Law and the National Transposition of EU Directives

Korkea-aho, E. (2009). What Is New About New Governance? Making Sense of the Institutional Implications and Constitutional Conditions of New Modes of Governance. Retfærd: nordisk juridisk tidsskrift, 3–22. 

Korkea-aho, E., & Koulu, R. (2009). Yrityssaneeraus. In Insolvenssioikeus (3rd ed.). WSOYpro, 623–862. 


Korkea-aho, E. (2005). Konkurssiasiain neuvottelukunnan suositukset oikeuslähteenä. Defensor legis: Suomen asianajajaliiton äänenkannattaja, 817–836. [The Recommendations of the Advisory Board for Bankruptcy Affairs as a Source of Law

Korkea-aho, E. (2005). Pehmeä sääntely sääntelytutkimuksen ja oikeusjärjestyksen haasteena. In Lindfors, H. (Ed.): Lainsäädäntöä vai muuta oikeudellista ohjailua?. The National Research Institute of Legal Policy, Research Communications number 67, 69–83. [Soft Law as a Challenge to Legal Research and Legal Systems


Korkea-aho, E. (2004). Empiirisen oikeustutkimuksen käytäntö. In Lindfors, H. (Ed.): Empiirinen tutkimus oikeustieteessä. The National Research Institute of Legal Policy, Research Communications number 64, 81–90. [The Practice of Empirical Research in Law


Korkea-aho, E., Koulu, R., & Lindfors, H. E. (2002). Empiiristä materiaalia insolvenssioikeuden tutkimukseen? Oikeus, 353–369. [Empirical Material for the Research of Insolvency Law?]